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软枣猕猴桃

  软枣猕猴桃(学名:Actinidia arguta (Sieb. & Zucc) Planch. ex Miq.)是猕猴桃科、猕猴桃属大型落叶藤本植物;小枝基本无毛或幼嫩时星散地薄被柔软绒毛或茸毛,叶膜质或纸质,卵形、长圆形、阔卵形至近圆形,顶端急短尖,基部圆形至浅心形,背面绿色,花序腋生或腋外生,苞片线形,花绿白色或黄绿色,芳香,萼片卵圆形至长圆形,花瓣楔状倒卵形或瓢状倒阔卵形,花丝丝状,花药黑色或暗紫色,长圆形箭头状,果圆球形至柱状长圆形,长2-3厘米,成熟时绿黄色或紫红色。种子纵径约2.5毫米。

  该种分化强烈,分布广阔。中国从最北的黑龙江岸至南方广西境内的五岭山地都有分布。生于混交林或水分充足的杂木林中。

  果药用,为强壮、解热及收敛剂;又是营养价值很高的食品。果既可生食,也可制果酱、蜜饯、罐头、酿酒等。花为蜜源,也可提芳香油。该种既可作为观赏树种,又可作为果树。

  大型落叶藤本;小枝基该无毛或幼嫩时星散地薄被柔软绒毛或茸毛,长7-15厘米,隔年枝灰褐色,直径4毫米左右,洁净无毛或部分表皮呈污灰色皮屑状,皮孔长圆形至短条形,不显著至很不显著;髓白色至淡褐色,片层状。

  叶膜质或纸质,卵形、长圆形、阔卵形至近圆形,长6-12厘米,宽5-10厘米,顶端急短尖,基部圆形至浅心形,等侧或稍不等侧,边缘具繁密的锐锯齿,腹面深绿色,无毛,背面绿色,侧脉腋上有髯毛或连中脉和侧脉下段的两侧沿生少量卷曲柔毛,个别较普遍地被卷曲柔毛,横脉和网状小脉细,不发达,可见或不可见,侧脉稀疏,6-7对,分叉或不分叉;叶柄长3-6(-10)厘米,无毛或略被微弱的卷曲柔毛。

Soft jujube kiwi

  Kiwifruit (scientific name: Actinidia arguta (Sieb.) & Zucc) Planch. Ex Miq.) It is a large deciduous vine of kiwifruit family and kiwifruit genus. The twigs are basically hairless or sparsely thinly tomentose or hairy when young, leaf membranous or papery, ovoid, oblong, broad-ovoid to subcircular, apical acute mucronate, base round to shallowly cordate, abaxial green, inflorescence axillary or axillary, bracts linear, greenish white or yellowish green, aromatic, calyx ovoid to oblong, petals cuneate Obovate or ladylike Obovate, anthers filamentous, anthers black or axillary, bracts linear, greenish white or yellowish green, aromatic, sepals ovoid to oblong, petals cuneate Obovate or ladylike Obovate, filamentous, anthers black. Color or dark purple, oblong arrowhead, fruit globose to columnar oblong, 2 cm long, green yellow or purplish red when mature. Seeds are about 2.5 mm in diameter. This species has strong differentiation and broad distribution. China is distributed from the northernmost Heilongjiang coast to the Wuling mountains in southern Guangxi. Born in mixed forests or mixed forest with plenty of water. Fruit medicine, for strong, antipyretic and astringent; but also a high nutritional value of food. Fruit can not only be eaten raw, but also can be made jam, candied, canned, wine and so on. Flowers are the source of honey, but also can lift fragrant sesame oil. This species can be used not only as an ornamental tree species, but also as a fruit tree. Large deciduous rattan; The branchlet base is scattered with soft tomentose or hairy when young, 7 ≤ 15 cm in length, grayish brown every other year, about 4 mm in diameter, clean, hairless or part of the epidermis dirty gray dandruff, skin hole oblong to short strip shape, not significant to very significant; pulp white to light brown, lamellar. Leaves membranous or papery, ovoid, oblong, broad-ovoid to subcircular, 6- 12 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, apical acute mucronate, base round to shallowly cordate, equilateral or slightly unequal, margin with dense acute serrate, ventral dark green, hairless, abaxial green, lateral vein axil bearded or with midvein and both sides of inferior segment of lateral vein Along with a small amount of curly pilose, individually more generally curly pilose, transverse veins and reticulate veins thin, underdeveloped, visible or invisible, lateral veins sparse, 6-7 pairs, forked or not forked; petiole 3 -6 (- 10) cm long, hairless or slightly weakly curled pilose.

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